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Negara, not negeri, status for Sabah

Luke Rintod of FMT
KUALA LUMPUR: Sabah was supposed to retain its “negara” or national status in a series of arrangements to ensure that the rights of Sabahans would forever be protected during the formation of Malaysia.
This little known fact was revealed at a national conference on marginalised communities, which arrested the attention of the participants.
They were told that the ideals that gave rise to the birth of a new nation in 1963 have, however, been eroded until those rights have all but disappeared.
“Sabah was given the understanding that it was to remain a national entity within the Malaysian Federation, which was to be a partnership of four national units – Sabah, Sarawak,  Singapore  and Malaya,” deputy president of CigMa or Common Interest Group Malaysia, Daniel John Jambun, said in his presentation titled “Lest We Forget”.

Elaborating further, he said: “We were to remain as a ‘negara’ (nation), not to become a ‘negeri’ (state).
“What eventually transpired was a process during which Sabah (like Sarawak) became one of the 13 states in Malaysia, no longer on the same status as Malaya, but just one of the states.”
Later, Jambun said that it was also the reason why Sabah’s head of state was officially called Yang di-Pertua Negara from 1963 till the early 1980s when the title was changed and reduced to Yang di-Pertua Negeri.
Jambun’s paper was based on a book of the same name authored by Dr Chong Eng Leong who agreed to have his book  presented as a conference paper to the 220 delegates.
Chong’s book outlines the major losses Sabahans have suffered since independence due to various national policies following the formation of Malaysia.
Chong’s book focused on the “KL-encouraged” influx of Muslim illegal immigrants from Indonesia and Mindanao in the southern Philippines that served to dilute the once majority Christian native population in Sabah.
Unkept promise of autonomy
Jambun charged that the federal government was being disingenuous by claiming that the state had enjoyed tremendous development and numerous benefits since the formation of Malaysia.
“Under Umno, which took over the Sabah government from Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) in 1994, Sabah has ended up becoming the poorest state in Malaysia despite its vast natural wealth God has given us.
“Other than the economic losses, we also suffered loss of major rights and autonomy, as listed in the book, ‘Lest We Forget’,” Jambun said.
He said that a scrutiny of the 20-point agreement clearly showed that Tunku Abdul Rahman and other Malayan and Singapore leaders had promised autonomy or self-determination for Sabah, including retaining its own revenues.
It was a promise that has not been kept, he said.
“In fact, as a strategic move to ‘Malayanise’ Sabah, the population of the state was increased drastically through dubious means, mainly through the infamous ‘Projek IC’ or ‘Projek Mahathir’, which is to give Malaysian identity cards to Muslim illegal immigrants in Sabah to enable them to register as voters and thus change the political landscape.
“Through this project, the population of Sabah dramatically rose to 3.2 million, of which 1.5 million are bona fide Sabahans and 1.7 million foreigners.
“About 70,000 of these foreigners were registered as phantom voters and distributed throughout the constituencies in Sabah to give greater advantage to the ruling BN candidates to win elections.
“This strategy was then complemented by the infamous decision to implement what is called gerrymandering of constituency boundaries to give greater representation to Muslim-majority seats, thus outnumbering the non-Muslim natives,” he said, adding that the obvious manipulation has resulted in Sabah being dubbed BN’s “fixed deposit”.
Jambun also charged that the increase in Muslim-native seats and the reduction in Christian-native ones was made with the intention of forcefully and permanently changing the state’s demography.
This way, there would be more Muslims, thus depriving others of their rights, he said, adding that the issue of disenfranchisement would be brought to international attention.
Citing the revelation in Chong’s book, he disclosed that in the 1970 census, the mostly Christians and pagan Kadazandusuns numbered 215,811, Muslim Bajau and Iranun numbered 77,271 and Malays 18,362.
However, the 2000 census showed that the Kadazandusuns numbered 564,600, while the Bajau and Iranun 343,200, but the Malay suddenly stood at an astonishing 303,500.
He said that in the 1960 census, there was no Malay registered in Sabah, but just Bajau and Iranun.
‘Project Mahathir’ revealed
Jambun said that four people – Hassnar Ebrahim, Hassan Hamid, Yakup Damsah and Jabarkan Napi – cited in Chong’s book had been involved in recruiting new Malaysians by giving them identity cards.
He said that Hassnar, who is now Batu Sapi PKR head, had even revealed that there was a meeting in January 1986 chaired by the late Megat Junid Megat Ayob, then deputy home minister, detailing the mechanics of how foreigners were issued Malaysian identity documents.
Hassnar claimed that present at the meeting were former chief secretary to the government Ahmad Sarji Abdul Hamid, three top police officers from Bukit Aman, Sabah director of Immigration Dusmi Ibrahim, director-general of Immigration Halim Harun, a deputy director-general of the National Registration Department, a principal private secretary by the name of Azmin, Yahya Lampong and Hassnar himself.
“As Hassnar revealed, when one of them objected to this treacherous act, he was told by Megat Junid that prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad had approved it.
“This testimony was also given under oath during a trial to hear the 1999 Likas election petition filed by Chong, and that the testimony was not challenged,” Jambun said.
He added that Jabarkan, an ex-ISA detainee like Hassnar, also disclosed that there was a Sabah Umno special task force formed in 1991 to recruit foreigners who were then issued with Malaysian ICs and registered as Umno members and also included in the electoral rolls.
According to Jabarkan, office-bearers of the special task force for 1991-1993 were Musa Aman (currently Chief Minister) as director, Yahya Hussin as deputy director, Jabarkan himself as secretary and the late Malek Chua as treasurer. The team targeted 30 of the then 48 state
constituencies in an attempt to oust PBS from power.
Jambun said that he doubt the current Umno leadership would dare sue those who had revealed the clandestine activities in Projek Mahathir for it would open a can of worms.
The one-day National Human Rights Conference on the Future of Marginalised and Minority Communities in Malaysia was co-organised by CigMa, Sarawak Dayak National Union (SDNU), Sarawak Dayak Iban Association (SADIA), Hindu Rights Action force (Hindraf), Borneo Resources Institute (BRI) and London-based Human Rights Foundation.
Also present were Kita president Zaid Ibrahim, CigMa chief Jeffrey Kitingan, who is also leader of United Borneo Front (UBF) and Hindraf adviser, N Ganesan.



    1 mSLAYSIA

  2. Ni kali lah...The Sleeping Giant has wake up!!...mari orang sabah lawan habis-habisan....we want our rights back....mari kita tunjukkan kepada orang Malaya yang kita bukan lah orang sabah yang mudah di per "BODOH"kan...
    Sabah Tanah Air ku, negeri kita yang tercinta...

  3. Excerpt from:

    In other words.we cant seccede from Malaysia but we can be KICKED OUT from Malaysia like what Tunku Abd Rahman did to Singapore in 1965.Do you think that UMNO Malaya stupid enough to KICK US OUT from Malaysia?In 10 years time.without Oil&Gas resources from Sabah and Sarawak,Malaya would be a BANKRUPT NATION!!!!

    But Politically,we CAN do that.We can BE kicked out from Malaysia.How?It would not be that easy,dont forgot ISA,but it is not IMPOSSIBLE,it is just near IMPOSSIBLE

    This is how we can do it:

    1.Set up a Borneo Based Political Party

    2.Gain control of Borneo states namely Sabah and Sarawak through electoral proceess

    3.Persuade the Federal Government to Re-Look back at the 20/18 Point Of Agreement

    4.If they refused to do so,organised a Statewide campaign,go to every corner of the States and convinced the Rakyat that we should pull out from Malaysia and try to get their absolute support

    5.Send a referandum to United Nation that we are UNHAPPY with the way the Federal Government treat us as(State-Federal Ties)

    6.Request the United Nation to send a Delegation for a Fact Finding Mission similar to the Cobbold Commision before to get the feedback and consensus from the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak.

    But bear in mind,this will not happen without repercussion from the Federal Government and ISA is the anwer of all this..Dtk Jeffry Kitingan was once being held under ISA and he has been accused of trying to pull out Sabah from Malaysia and is that TRUE?No,he merely request for the 5% Oil Royalty to be review.He and his brother Joseph Pairin Kitingan has been harrased and being charged with Corruption.This is the begining of the fall of PBS Government in Sabah and UMNO take over since then

  4. It is not about demanding and claiming..

    You should ASSERT your rights. You have already have independence with you, but others trampled on it and you allowed it to happen.

    Shape up my brethrens,wise up and be smarter. You have been outsmarted since 1963, it is not that your rival is very smart, it was because you were not smart enough.

    Believe me if you believe in something, you will eventually see it.. Thank you


  5. Is Malaysia still Malaysia after the departure of Singapore?
    Singapore left in 1965, prior to that there was no Republic of Singapore.
    After that departure the people of Sabah, Sarawak & Fed of Malaya should have been consulted via a referendum to know if they wish to remain as Malaysia or remain an independent nation of their own.
    Malaysia is in danger of being grabbed by other nation. Since the Malaysia Agreement 1963 was an international agreement, the UN should appoint a Commission similar to the Cobbold Commission to conduct a referendum to know the wishes of Sabahans & Sarawakians. Until this uncertainty about the status of Malaysia is solved, I cant help feeling insecure of my status and rights as a Malaysian.

  6. how is malaysia without sabah ya?
    how is west?
    this is what i want to see..

  7. firstly review 5% minyak kita tu..kita yng keluarkan.then kita yng paling miskin..

  8. one malaysiakannnnn. mimanglah kana terima nasib jadi mosikin sampai kiamat. apa buli buat rm50 punya pasal suma tergadai.

  9. ngam! sino kadazan said...

  10. This news should be translated to Bahasa Malaysia and distribute to the people of Sabah?

  11. bersedia kah orang kita untuk membuat demonstrasi yang aman untuk memperlihatkan ketidakpuasan dan ketidakadilan ini? sanggup?

  12. Thanks to the suggestion to translate this article into Bahasa and distribute it. Anyone to volunteer ?


  13. Saya sanggup, bapa saya sanggup adik beradik saya sanggup demo..secara aman tapi..

    Hanya permulaan yg paling susah, lepas beberapa kali oke sudah tu...hehe begit

  14. Just do it guys! We need to get back our own priority. New North Borneo for us? Think it!

  15. Sinang bah tu tompinai. Kita bikin demo beramai-ramai pakai SANSUT sija menunjukkan org sabah paaaaaling! termosikin silaka 13 di dlm malaysia. Saya konform tiada pulis yg mau tangkap. Pasal dlm sejarah dunia kita sija yg pertama bikin mcm tu.

  16. Kalau tiada Sansut, Balarut pun buli. O.K bah kalau kau. Khusus utk lelaki sija.

  17. Addeh kamu ne biarlah serius sikit

  18. baiklah...jom kita berjuang habis-habisan.. kempen besar-besaran terutama mereka yg kana bagi gula2 oleh BN.. dorg mesti mo kasi faham perjuangan UBF.. BILA LAGI!!!!

  19. then, apa pula jadi kepada mereka dari semenanjung yang menjadi cikgu2, doktor2, penjawat awam etc kepada org2 sabah?

  20. Impossible is Nothing,

    Nothing is impossible?

    someone must do something lah...

    let us see who is doing and undoing, support him/her lar.. dont peluk tubuh hehe

  21. Yes Sabah is a Negara within Negara bah... But you still a ember of Federation Malaysia unles you are kicked out from it. But who will kick you out, because you are soooo rich with oil and gas...

  22. yeaaaahhh sabah dan sarawak bergabung!!!!!!!! mantap abisssss

  23. Apa macam Kesatuan Borneo mengandungi tujuh negara ? - Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Timur, Kalimantan Tengah dan Kalimantan Selatan ?? Ada 18 juta penduduk seluruh Borneo owh.. main kau tiap negara ini pula kaya raya dgn gas dan minyak !!!

  24. that what i really want...paling ngam kalau SABAH n SARAWAK keluar malaysia...xda guna punya melaya...PENIPU,PEROMPAK!!!!...PERJANJIAN 2o perkara sabah pun mcm dimansuhkan DARN IT UMNO/BN...PEMBAWA PENDATANG ASING LG....DAMMMMMMMMMMMMMM..PENTINGKAN MELAYU SAHAJA..

  25. Jangankan Malaya! Segala bangsa asing terutama "Melayu" Filipina dan Indonesia ditendang keluar beramai-ramai dari Sabah!


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